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Top right corner “Must be inspected” = Animal not yet inspected and can still be rejected. Inspector visits breeder 1 x year.

Top right corner “Animal inspected and approved on …” = Animal approved on appearance by breed expert.
NO certificate = Animal culled/rejected due to faults and certificate withdrawn.

  1. Name of animal and below this date of birth (Birth/Geb) S=single birth or T=twins. Take care! If bull-heifer twins, (see block Twin Sex/Ges) heifer can be infertile – get proof of fertility from seller before you buy.

  2. Country of origin : Right at the top animal, and below that animal’s ancestor. ZA = South Africa or of Namibia, DE = Germany, AT = Austria, CA = Canada, FM = France Montbeliard, FA = France Abondance.

  3. Pigment classification of eyelids of both eyes : O =no or less than 50% eyelid pigmentation, P = pigmented eyelids (more than 50%) and B =pigment around the eyes in the form of ‘spectacles’. No letters = Foreign animals or animals that have not been scored. Again right at the top animal’s own classification and below that the specific ancestor.

  4. VERY IMPORTANT ! Identification tattoo letters/figures that have been tattooed in the animal’s ears. Keep a check on that. Use it to look up the animal’s latest particulars on the Simmentaler website – type the letters/figures exactly as they appear here in the field “animal identifier’.

  5. Animal has been registered in this herd book section : SP = “Stud Book proper” or fully registered, B = Appendix B (SP-bull X Appendix A cow) and A = Appendix A cow.

  6. Polled status allocated by inspector or breeder : P = Natural poll, S =‘Scurs’or loose horns (only allocated from Aug 2007 – in the past they used to be P) and PP = Double poll or homozygous (this allocation is controlled by office and owner should apply )

  7. Only on white certificate = Date on which this animal was approved on appearance by an inspector and is hence registered.

  8. Date on which the breeding values or EBVs were calculated (see 9 below). NB – Always use the latest breeding values. If certificate shows old values, the latest EBVs can be looked up by click here.

  9. Here we have the breeding values or EBVs of the animal. This is the best predictor of how an animal will breed. Below comments on terms in red on the certificate.

  • Birth = Although the birth weight of a bull can be used as a guideline for calving problems, the birth weight breeding value that appears here, is a better estimation of his calves‘ weights, since it takes the age and condition of the mother and weights of the relatives into account. The lower this figure, the lighter the calves. Too light is, however, also not desirable, because it is associated with low growth (light weaners). Go to the ideal breeding values of the Simmentaler to set your mind at ease on this issue. We prefer a birth weight breeding value that is not too low or too high. Remember – the lower The birth weight breeding value, the lower the expected birth weight.

  • 200 = The 200-day weight or weaning weight. For heavy weaners you need a high figure here. It is genetically related to 400- and 600-day weights.

  • 400 = The 400-day breeding value predicts the yearling weight of its progeny and is very important for feedlots. It is genetically related to 200- and 600-day weights.

  • 600 = The 600-day or final weight breeding value is valuable for store ox producers. This breeding value is genetically related to “Cow” below and is used when the cow breeding value has a low accuracy . With bulls that sire replacement heifers, however, exaggerated selection for high 600-day breeding values must be avoided, since it goes hand in hand with an increase in nutrient requirements and higher birth weights. Here we prefer the average third on the percentile table.

  • Cow = This is the mature cow weight (MCW) which is linked with cow size and therefore maintenance or nutritional requirements. We strive towards rapid growth till 400/600 days in an average Cow breeding value (hence middle-of-the-road sized cows). A broad guideline is that the cow breeding value must be preferably lower than the 600-day breeding value’s

  • Milk = The 200-day milk breeding value is the best estimation of the daughters’ maternal traits, of which milk is the most important. Dairy farmers must please NOT use this breeding value for ‘mIlk-in-the -bucket’. As depicted in the percentile table, a too high milk value due to constitution problems is not desirable. Also bear in mind that a Simmentaler bull with a an average milk breeding value will breed just as much or more milk than a beef breed bull with a high milk breeding value.

  • CED = Ease with which the animal’s calves are born – the higher the breeding value, the better.

  • CEM = Calving ease of animal’s daughters – the higher the better.

  • Other breeding values : Due to a shortage of space on this certificate the following breeding values, if measured, are only published on the website and in breeders’ reports: The carcase traits, eye muscle area, marbling, rib and rump depth, retail beef yield, and carcase weight, as well as reproduction traits. like scrotal size, gestation length and days to calving .

  1. This percentage indicates the accuracy or reliability of breeding value. The higher this figure, the better. As breeding values change yearly with the addition of more information, breeding values with a low accuracy can change quite considerably. A breeding value with a low accuracy is, however, a more accurate indicator of the animal’s genetic merit than an old fashioned performance testing index or the crude weight.

  2. Breeding values for (starting from the top) father’s father; father; father’s mother and bottom block mother’s father; mother and mother’s mother. With a calf without breeding value the average of the father and mother’s breeding values is a good indication of the calf’s genetic merit.

  3. Stars awarded for cows that excel in reproduction and maternal traits. Minimum number of calvings is 4 for *, 5 for ** and >5 for ***.

  4. Father of animal.

  5. Father’s father of animal and above this his parents, etc.

  6. Father’s mother with her parents, etc.

  7. Mother of animal.

  8. Mother’s father with parents, etc.

  9. Mother’s mother with her ancestors.

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