Top right corner “Must be inspected” = Animal not yet
inspected and can still be rejected. Inspector visits
breeder 1 x year.
corner “Animal inspected and approved on …” = Animal
approved on appearance by breed expert.
NO certificate = Animal culled/rejected due to faults and
Name of animal and below this date of birth (Birth/Geb)
S=single birth or T=twins. Take care! If bull-heifer twins,
(see block Twin Sex/Ges) heifer can be infertile – get proof
of fertility from seller before you buy.
Country of origin : Right at the top animal, and below that animal’s
ancestor. ZA =
South Africa or of Namibia, DE = Germany, AT = Austria, CA =
Canada, FM = France Montbeliard, FA = France Abondance.
Pigment classification of eyelids of both eyes : O =no or less than 50%
eyelid pigmentation, P = pigmented eyelids (more than
50%) and B =pigment around the eyes in the form of
‘spectacles’. No letters = Foreign animals or animals
that have not been scored. Again right at the top
animal’s own classification and below that the specific
VERY IMPORTANT ! Identification tattoo letters/figures that have been
tattooed in the animal’s ears. Keep a check on that. Use
it to look up the animal’s latest particulars on the
Simmentaler website – type the letters/figures exactly
as they appear here in the field “animal identifier’.
Animal has been registered in this herd book section : SP = “Stud Book
proper” or fully registered, B = Appendix B (SP-bull X
Appendix A cow) and A = Appendix A cow.
Polled status allocated by inspector or breeder : P = Natural poll, S
=‘Scurs’or loose horns (only allocated from Aug 2007 –
in the past they used to be P) and PP = Double poll or
homozygous (this allocation is controlled by office and
owner should apply )
Only on white certificate = Date on which this animal was approved on
appearance by an inspector and is hence registered.
Date on which the breeding values or EBVs were calculated (see 9 below).
NB – Always use the latest breeding values. If
certificate shows old values, the latest EBVs can be
looked up by click
Here we have the breeding values or EBVs of the animal. This is the best
predictor of how an animal will breed. Below comments on
terms in red on the certificate.
Birth = Although the birth weight of a bull can be used as a guideline for
calving problems, the birth weight breeding value that
appears here, is a better estimation of his calves‘
weights, since it takes the age and condition of the
mother and weights of the relatives into account. The
lower this figure, the lighter the calves. Too light is,
however, also not desirable, because it is associated
with low growth (light weaners). Go to the ideal
breeding values of the Simmentaler to set your mind at
ease on this issue. We prefer a birth weight breeding
value that is not too low or too high. Remember – the
lower The birth weight breeding value, the lower the
expected birth weight.
200 = The 200-day weight or weaning weight. For heavy weaners you need a high
figure here. It is genetically related to 400- and
400 = The 400-day breeding value predicts the yearling weight of its progeny
and is very important for feedlots. It is genetically
related to 200- and 600-day weights.
600 = The 600-day or final weight breeding value is valuable for store ox
producers. This breeding value is genetically related to
“Cow” below and is used when the cow breeding value has
a low accuracy . With bulls that sire replacement
heifers, however, exaggerated selection for high 600-day
breeding values must be avoided, since it goes hand in
hand with an increase in nutrient requirements and
higher birth weights. Here we prefer the average third
on the percentile table.
Cow = This is the mature cow weight (MCW) which is linked with cow size and
therefore maintenance or nutritional requirements. We
strive towards rapid growth till 400/600 days in an
average Cow breeding value (hence middle-of-the-road
sized cows). A broad guideline is that the cow breeding
value must be preferably lower than the 600-day breeding
Milk = The 200-day milk breeding value is the best estimation of the
daughters’ maternal traits, of which milk is the most
important. Dairy farmers must please NOT use this
breeding value for ‘mIlk-in-the -bucket’. As depicted in
the percentile table, a too high milk value due to
constitution problems is not desirable. Also bear in
mind that a Simmentaler bull with a an average milk
breeding value will breed just as much or more milk than
a beef breed bull with a high milk breeding value.
CED = Ease with which the animal’s calves are born – the higher the breeding
value, the better.
CEM = Calving ease of animal’s daughters – the higher the better.
Other breeding values : Due to a shortage of space on this certificate the
following breeding values, if measured, are only
published on the website and in breeders’ reports: The
carcase traits, eye muscle area, marbling, rib and rump
depth, retail beef yield, and carcase weight, as well as
reproduction traits. like scrotal size, gestation length
and days to calving .
This percentage indicates the accuracy or reliability
of breeding value. The higher this figure, the better. As
breeding values change yearly with the addition of more
information, breeding values with a low accuracy can change
quite considerably. A breeding value with a low accuracy is,
however, a more accurate indicator of the animal’s genetic
merit than an old fashioned performance testing index or the
Breeding values for (starting from the
top) father’s father; father; father’s mother and bottom
block mother’s father; mother and mother’s mother. With a
calf without breeding value the average of the father and
mother’s breeding values is a good indication of the calf’s
Stars awarded for cows that excel in
reproduction and maternal traits. Minimum number of calvings
is 4 for *, 5 for ** and >5 for ***.
Father of animal.
Father’s father of animal and above this his parents,
Father’s mother with her parents, etc.
Mother’s father with parents, etc.
Mother’s mother with her ancestors.